This is a complete list of all species that have been seen or heard on or above or in waters adjacent to the Holt Forest. Number codes (first two columns) have been assigned only to those species that have been detected during a bird census within the study area. Family names are in capital letters as headers. Scientific names are italicized. An asterisk* following the common name indicates species found breeding at HRF.

List updated to correspond with the Maine Bird Records Committee Checklist of Maine Birds updated 9 July 2016.


HRF code Common Name Scientific Name
ANATIDAE – Swans, Geese, and Ducks
Snow Goose Chen caerulescens
Canada Goose Branta canadensis
Wood Duck Aix sponsa
American Black Duck* Anas rubripes
Mallard* Anas platyrhynchos
Canvasback Aythya valisineria
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus
Common Merganser Mergus merganser
PHASIANIDAE – Pheasants, Grouse, & Turkey
4 Ruffed Grouse* Bonasa umbellus
5 Wild Turkey* Meleagris gallopavo
COLUMBIDAE – Pigeons and Doves
6 Mourning Dove* Zenaida macroura
7 Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erthropthalmus
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor
10 Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostomus vociferus
Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica
TROCHILIDAE – Hummingbirds
11 Ruby-throated Hummingbird* Archilochus colubris
Least Sandpiper Calidrus minutilla
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla
Wilson’s Snipe Gallinago delicata
American Woodcock* Scolopax minor
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
LARIDAE – Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers
Herring Gull Larus argentatus
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus
Common Loon Gavia immer
Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus
ARDEIDAE – Bitterns and Herons
Great Blue Heron Aredea herodias
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Green Heron Butorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax
CATHARTIDAE – New World Vultures
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
ACCIPITRIDAE – Kites, Eagles, and Hawks
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
1 Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus
Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii
Northern Goshawk* Accipiter gentilis
Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus
3 Broad-winged Hawk* Buteo platypterus
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
STRIGIDAE – Typical Owls
8 Great-horned Owl* Bubo virginianus
9 Barred Owl* Strix varia
Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus
ALCEDINIDAE – Kingfishers
Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon
PICIDAE – Woodpeckers
Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus
12 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius
13 Downy Woodpecker* Picoides pubescens
14 Hairy Woodpecker* Picoides villosus
15 Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus
16 Pileated Woodpecker* Dryocopus pileatus
TYRANNIDAE – Tyrant Flycatchers
17 Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi
18 Eastern Wood-Pewee* Contopus virens
20 Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus
21 Eastern Phoebe* Sayornis phoebe
22 Great Crested Flycatcher* Myiarchus crinitus
23 Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
LANIIDAE – Shrikes
Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor
44 Blue-headed Vireo* Vireo solitarius
46 Red-eyed Vireo* Vireo olivaceus
CORVIDAE – Jays and Crows
24 Blue Jay* Cyanocitta cristata
25 American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos
26 Common Raven Corvus corax
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
PARIDAE – Chickadees and Titmice
27 Black-capped Chickadee* Poecile atricapillus
Tufted Titmouse* Baeolophus bicolor
SITTIDAE – Nuthatches
29 Red-breasted Nuthatch* Sitta canadensis
30 White-breasted Nuthatch* Sitta carolinensis
31 Brown Creeper* Certhia americana
House Wren Troglodytes aedon
32 Winter Wren* Troglodytes hiemalis
Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris
REGULIDAE – Kinglets
33 Golden-crowned Kinglet* Regulus satrapa
34 Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula
TURDIDAE – Thrushes
35 Veery* Catharus fuscescens
36 Swainson’s Thrush Catharus ustulatus
37 Hermit Thrush* Catharus guttatus
39 American Robin* Turdus migratorius
MIMIDAE – Mockingbirds and Thrashers
40 Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis
43 European Starling Sturnus vulgaris
42 Cedar Waxwing* Bombycilla cedrorum
88 Purple Finch* Haemorhous purpureus
90 White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera
92 Pine Siskin Spinus pinus
93 American Goldfinch* Carduelis tristis
94 Evening Grosbeak* Coccothraustes vespertinus
PARULIDAE – Wood Warblers
65 Ovenbird* Seiurus aurocapillus
63 Black-and-white Warbler* Mniotilta varia
48 Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina
49 Nashville Warbler* Oreothlypis ruficapilla
67 Mourning Warbler Geothlypis philadelphia
68 Common Yellowthroat* Geothlypis trichas
64 American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
54 Cape May Warbler Setophaga tigrina
50 Northern Parula* Setophaga americana
53 Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia
61 Bay-breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea
58 Blackburnian Warbler* Setophaga fusca
52 Chestnut-sided Warbler* Setophaga pensylvanica
62 Blackpoll Warbler Setophaga striata
55 Black-throated Blue Warbler* Setophaga caerulescens
60 Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum
59 Pine Warbler* Setophaga pinus
56 Yellow-rumped Warbler* Setophaga coronata
Prairie Warbler Setophaga discolor
57 Black-throated Green Warbler* Setophaga virens
69 Canada Warbler* Cardellina canadensis
Wilson’s Warbler Cardellina pusilla
70 Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens
EMBERIZIDAE – Towhees and Sparrows
75 Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus
American Tree Sparrow Spizelloides arborea
77 Chipping Sparrow* Spizella passerina
Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla
Nelson’s Sparrow* Ammodramus nelsoni
78 Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca
79 Song Sparrow* Melospiza melodia
Lincoln’s Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii
Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana
80 White-throated Sparrow* Zonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys
81 Dark-eyed Junco* Junco hyemalis
CARDINALIDAE – Tanagers, Cardinals, Grosbeaks, and Buntings
71 Scarlet Tanager* Piranga olivacea
73 Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus
74 Indigo Bunting* Passerina cyanea
ICTERIDAE – Blackbirds and Orioles
82 Red-winged Blackbird* Agelaius phoeniceus
84 Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula
85 Brown-headed Cowbird* Molothrus ater
86 Baltimore Oriole* Icterus galbula