Publications

Some of these publications may be available at Northeast Forest Information Source (NEFIS) website hosted by the Center for Sustainable Forest Research.

Publications

Recent publications:

 Campbell, S.P., J.W. Witham, and M.L. Hunter, Jr. 2012. Long-term changes in spatial distribution of birds responding to a group-selection timber harvest. Wildlife Society Bulletin 36 (2):313–327.

Ogawa, R., A. Mortelliti, J. W. Witham, and M. L. Hunter Jr. 2017. Demographic mechanisms linking tree seeds and rodent population fluctuations: insights from a 33-year study. Journal of Mammalogy.

Wang, G., N. T. Hobbs, S. H. Slade, J. F. Merritt, M. Hunter, N. A. Vessey, J. Witham, and A. Guillaumet. 2013. Comparative population dynamics of large and small mammals in the Northern Hemisphere: deterministic and stochastic forces. Ecography 36: 439–446.

Wood, C. M., J. W. Witham, and M. L. Hunter Jr. 2016. Climate-driven range shifts are stochastic processes at a local level: two flying squirrel species in Maine. Ecosphere 7(2):e01240. 10.1002/ecs2.1240

Earlier publications:

Campbell, S.P., J.W. Witham, and M.L. Hunter, Jr. 2007. A long-term study on the effects of a selection timber harvest on a forest bird community in Maine. Conservation Biology 21 (5): 1218–1229.

Campbell, S.P., J.W. Witham, and M.L. Hunter, Jr. 2010. Stochasticity as an alternative to deterministic explanations for patterns of habitat use in birds. Ecological Monographs 80(2):287-302.

Elias, S. P., J. W. Witham, and M. L. Hunter, Jr. 2006. A cyclic red-backed vole (Clethrionomys gapperi) and seedfall over 22 years in Maine.  Journal of Mammalogy. 87: 440-445.

Elias, S. P., J. W. Witham, and M. L. Hunter. 2004. Peromyscus leucopus abundance and acorn mast: population fluctuations over 20 years.  Journal of Mammalogy. 85:743-747.

Kimball, A.J., J.W. Witham, J.L. Rudnicky, A.S. White, M.L. Hunter, Jr. 1995. Harvest_created and natural canopy gaps in an oak_pine forest in Maine.  Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 122: 115-123.

McKracken, K. E., J. W. Witham, and M. L. Hunter. 1999. Relationships between seed fall of 3 tree species and Peromyscus leucopus and Clethrionomys gapperi during 10 years in an oak-pine forest. Journal of Mammalogy 80:1288-1296.

Monti, L. M., M. L. Hunter, Jr. and J. W. Witham. 2000. An evaluation of the artificial cover object (ACO) method for monitoring populations of the Redback Salamander (Plethodon cinereus). Journal of Herpetology. 34(4):624-629.

Moore, E. H. and J. W. Witham. 1996. From forest to farm and back again: land use history as a dimension of ecological research in coastal Maine.  Environmental History 1(3):50-69.

Meyer, S. R., R. G. Wagner, J. Witham, S. Norton, I. Fernandez, B. Wiersma, E. Small, J. Wilson, and A. Kimball. 2006. Long-term Forest Ecosystem Studies of the Cooperative Forestry Research Unit and the University of Maine. Pages 83-93 In L. C. Irland, A. E. Camp, J. C. Brissette, and Z. R. Donohew (eds). Long-term silvicultural & ecological studies: results for science and management. Yale University, School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Global Institute of Sustainable Forestry Research Paper 005.

Plucinski, K. E. and M. L. Hunter, Jr. 2001. Spatial and temporal patterns of seed predation on three tree species in an oak-pine forest.  Ecography 24: 309–317.

Schumann, M. E., A. S. White, and J. W. Witham.  2003.  The effects of harvest-created gaps on plant species diversity, composition, and abundance in a Maine oak-pine forest. Forest Ecology and Management 176:543-561.

Small, M. F., and M. L. Hunter, Jr.  1988. Forest fragmentation and avian nest predation in forested landscapes. Oecologia 76 (1): 62-64.

Small, M. F., and M. L. Hunter, Jr.  1988.  Response of passerines to abrupt forest-river and forest-powerline edges in Maine. Wilson Bulletin 101:77-83.

Wang, G., J. O. Wolff, S. H. Vessey, N. A. Slade, J. W. Witham, J. F. Merritt, M. L. Hunter, Jr. and S. P. Elias. 2009. Comparative population dynamics of Peromyscus leucopus in North America: influences of climate, food, and density dependence. Population Ecology 51:133–142.

White, A. S., J. W. Witham, M. L. Hunter, Jr., and A. J. Kimball. 1999. Relationship between plant species richness and biomass in a coastal Maine Quercus-Pinus forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 10:755-762.

Whitman, A., M. L. Hunter, Jr., and J. W. Witham. 1998. Age distribution of ramets of a forest herb, Wild Sarsaparilla, Aralia nudicaulis (Araliaceae). Canadian Field-Naturalist 112: 37- 44.

Witham, Jack with Nancy Coverstone and Renae Moran. 2004. Wild Apple Trees for Wildlife. Bulletin #7126. Habitats A Fact Sheet Series on Managing Lands for Wildlife. University of Maine Cooperative Extension. 8 pp.  See UMCE website.

Witham, Jack with Nancy Coverstone and Lois Berg Stack. 2002. Understanding Ruby-throated Hummingbirds and Enhancing Their Habitat in Maine. Bulletin #7152. Habitats A Fact Sheet Series on Managing Lands for Wildlife. University of Maine Cooperative Extension. 12 pp.  See UMCE website.

Witham, J. W. 1999. Northern Redback salamander. Pp. 66-70 in M. L. Hunter, Jr., A. J.K. Calhoun, M. McCollough (eds.) Maine Amphibians and Reptiles. University of Maine Press. Orono. 254 pp.

Witham, J. W. , M. L. Hunter, Jr., H. C. Tedford III, A. J. Kimball, A. S. White, and S. P. Elias. 1999. A Long term Study of an Oak-Pine Forest Ecosystem: a brief overview of the Holt Research Forest. Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station Miscellaneous Publication 745. (Available as pdf)

Witham, J. W. and A. J. Kimball.  1996.  Use of a geographic information system to facilitate analysis of spot mapping data.  Journal of Field Ornithology 67(3):367-375.

Witham, J.W., E.H. Moore, M.L. Hunter, Jr., A.J. Kimball, and A.S. White.  1993. A Techniques Manual for the Holt Research Forest: A Long Term Study of an Oak_Pine Forest Ecosystem. Maine Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 153.  (Available as a pdf)

Witham, J. W. 1992. Redback salamander. Pp. 46_50 in M. L. Hunter, Jr., J. Albright and J. Arbuckle (eds.) The Amphibians and Reptiles of Maine. Maine Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 838.  174 pp.

Witham, J.W. and M.L. Hunter, Jr. 1992.  Population trends of neotropical landbird migrants in northern coastal New England. Pp. 85_95. J. Hagan and D. Johnston, editors. Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds.  Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.,  605 pp.

Dissertations

Master and Honors Theses

Schumann, M. E. 1999. The effects of harvest-created gaps on plant species diversity, composition, abundance, and growth in a Maine oak-pine forest. M.S. thesis, University of Maine, Orono. 179 pp.

Monti, L. M. 1997. Redback salamander habitat preferences in a Maine oak-pine forest. M. S. Thesis, University of Maine, Orono. 53 pp.

Clark, T. L. 1996. Stand development, growth patterns, and regeneration success of red oak in an oak-pine forest in southern Maine. M.S. thesis, University of Maine, Orono. 154 pp.

Gardiner. S. 1992. Effects of two soil types on ectomycorrhizal infection of white pine (Pinus strobus L.) seedlings. Honors Thesis, University of Maine, 48 p.

Whitman, A. A. 1992. Frugivory and seed dispersal of fleshy-fruiting plants in a northern temperate forest. M. S. Thesis, University of Maine, Orono. 214 pp.

Crowley, S. 1990. Habitat scaling and niche displacement of juvenile by adult red_backed voles (Clethrionomys gapperi). Honors Thesis, University of Maine.

Wood, M. L. 1987. The distribution of the salamander Plethodon cinereus relative to environmental characteristics in an oak_pine forest. Honors thesis, University of Maine.

Small, M. F. 1986. Response of songbirds and small mammals to powerline and river edges of Maine oak-pine forests. M. S. Thesis, University of Maine, Orono. 58 pp.

Use of HRF data:

Boonstra, R. and C. J. Krebs. 2012. Population dynamics of red-backed voles (Myodes) in North America. Oecologia 168 (3): 601-620.

Haynes, K. J., A. M. Liebhold, T. M. Fearer, G. Wang, G. W. Norman, and D. M. Johnson. 2009. Spatial synchrony propagates through a forest food web via consumer–resource interactions. Ecology 90(11): 2974–2983.

Moore, J. D., & M. Ouellet. (2015). Questioning the use of an amphibian colour morph as an indicator of climate change. Global Change Biology 21(2): 566-571.

Use of HRF study site:

Lambert, A. M. and R. A.Casagrande. 2006. No Evidence of Fungal Endophytes in Native and Exotic Phragmites australis. Northeastern Naturalist 13(4):561–568.

Lambert, A. M. and R. A.Casagrande. 2007. Susceptibility of Native and Non-Native Common Reed to the Non-Native Mealy Plum Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in North America. Environmental Entomology 36(2):451-457.

Li, X., Boyle, K. J., Holmes, T. P., & LaRouche, G. P. (2014). The effect of on-site forest experience on stated preferences for low-impact timber harvesting programs. Journal of Forest Economics 20(4): 348-362.

Lucas, R. W. 2007. Peeking into the black box: The structure and function of soil microbial communities in response to increasing nitrogen availability.  PhD Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 147pp. Dissertations available from ProQuest. Paper AAI3271782. http://repository.upenn.edu/dissertations/AAI3271782

Lucas, R.W. and B.B. Casper. 2008. Ectomycorrhizal Community and Ecosystem Functioning Following Simulated Atmospheric N Deposition. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40:1662-1669.

Pullis, G.  1998. Public perceptions of forest ecosystem attributes and economic values for small, private woodlots with and without alternative timber harvesting. M. S. Thesis, University of Maine, Orono. 138 pp.